Objective Work of Christ
“Frequently the old man is taken in an individual sense and the crucifying a putting off the old man as the personal breaking with and fighting against the power of sin. ‘Old’ and ‘new’ then designate the time before and after conversion or personal regeneration, and the corresponding manner of life. But we shall have to understand ‘old’ and ‘new man,’ not in the first place in the sense of the ordo salutis, but in that of the history of redemption; that is to say, it is a matter here not of a change that comes about in the way of faith and conversion in the life of the individual Christian, but of that which once took place in Christ and in which his people had a part in him in the corporate sense described above.”
(Herman Ridderbos, Paul: An Outline of His Theology, p. 63).
“…the unmistakable fact is passed over that in Paul dying, being buried, etc., with Christ does not have its ultimate ground in the ceremony of incorporation into the Christian church, but rather in already having been included in the historical death and resurrection of Christ himself. Of particular significance is the pronouncement of 2 Corinthians 5:14ff, where a clear transition becomes perceptible from the ‘Christ for us” to the ‘we with [or in] Christ.” …From this it is to be concluded that ‘having died,’ ‘being in Christ,’ ‘being new creation,’ the fact that his own are no longer judged and ‘known according the flesh’ (namely, according to the world mode of existence), has been given and effected with the death of Christ himself. Of this determination by and involvement of his own in that which once took place with Christ the formula ‘in Christ’ now gives the expression so typical in Paul’s preaching.”
(Herman Ridderbos, Paul: An Outline of His Theology, p. 60).
“It is this corporate connection of the All-in-One that Paul applies to Christ and his people, and from which the pronouncements concerning (dying, etc.)’with Christ’ must be interpreted…”
(Herman Ridderbos, Paul: An Outline of His Theology, p. 62).