Chapter 1 Faith and Godliness Footnotes 19-40

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Pages 18 – 22 of Trinitarian Faith

“Under the rubric We believe the Catholic Church, meeting for the first time in Ecumenical Council at Nicaea in 325AD., made it clear that it was concerned to confess the fundamental truths of the Gospel calling for the commitment of faith, rather than laying down decrees (δόγματα) requiring compliance either like apostolic decisions or like imperial edicts. The Nicene fathers certainly offered some indication of how the terms they use were to be understood by referring to the ‘boundaries’ (ὁρισθέντα) of their confession of faith which could not be transgressed without lapses into heretical perversity or serious contradiction.”

19. 1Cor 4:1  Let a man regard us in this manner, as servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God.                 

Athanasius Ep Enc. 1

20. 1Cor 11:12 For as the woman originates from the man, so also the man has his birth through the woman; and all things originate from God. 

Athanasius Ad Afro., 10

21. Cf Acts 15:28f  “For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay upon you no greater burden than these essentials.”

Acts 17:7  Now while they were passing through the cities, they were delivering the decrees which had been decided upon by the apostles and elders who were in Jerusalem, for them to observe.

22.  Cf Luke 2:1  Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth.

Acts 17:7   and Jason has welcomed them, and they all act contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Jesus

23. Athanasius, De Decretis – the traditional Latin title is a mistaken translation ὁρισθἑντα Cf De syn., 5 and Hilary De Trin., 4:1-7

24.  After the Council of Nicaea the term ‘canon’ tended to be used mainly with reference to ecclesiastical enactments or disciplinary decisions. Cf Athanasius Ep Enc., 1.6   Ap. con. Ar., 25, 29, 31f  Hist. Ar., 36, 51 where he refers to ‘canons’ derived from the apostles.

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25. Col 1.5 because of the hope laid up for you in heaven, of which you previously heard in the word of truth, the gospel

26. Hilary, De Trin., 1.18 – in substantia evidently refers to the έν τῇ ὑποστἁσει of LXX Jer. 23:22 “But if they had stood in My council, Then they would have announced My words to My people, And would have turned them back from their evil way And from the evil of their deeds.” 

cf Jer. 3:18  “But who has stood in the council of the LordThat he should see and hear His word? Who has given heed to His word and listened?” 

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27. Is. 7:9 The head of Ephraim is Samaria, And the head of Samaria is Remaliah’s son. If you will not believe,  Surely you shall not be established. 

Thus Irenaeus Dem., 3: (Refer to the footnote on page 20). See also Clement of Alexandria 1.1  2.2, 4  4:21 Cyril of Jerusalem Cat., 5.4 etc. Refer to page 20 of this book.

28. See my Theology in Reconciliation 1975, p.241f, 247ff, for an assessment if the use of physis (φύσις) in Alexandrian thought and consult Archbishop Methodios Fouyas, The Person of Jesus Christ in the Decisions of the Ecumenical Councils (currently unavailable) 1976, pp. 65ff

29. Cf Hilary, De Trin., Especially books 1-4, for a remarkably perceptive account of theological epistemology.

30. Augustine, De Trin., 7.5;  Tractates of John 7.9; 29.6; 40.9  De lib arb 2.2.6  De div quaest., 48 (N/A), In Ps., 118, 18.3;  Ep., 120.1, 3 etc

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31 Hilary De Trin 1.18; 2.6f; 3.9f, 23; 4.14, 36; 5.20f; 6.13-16; 8.52

32. Romans 1:5  through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake,

Romans 16.26  but now is manifested, and by the Scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, has been made known to all the nations, leading to obedience of faith;

33.  Cf Clement of Alex., Strom., 2.2ff, 6 Augustine De Sir. et litt., 21.54; 34.60 N/A

34. Hilary De Trin., 6.34; see also 4.6, 14

35. Hilary De Trin., 6.36f; cf 2.22f; 6.20f; and ‘The Liturgy of St James’, F. E. Brightman, Liturgies of Eastern and Western Churches, 1896, p. 54, where ‘the catholic and apostolic Church’ is likewise said to be founded upon ‘the rock of faith.’

36. Hilary De Trin., 2.22

37. Hilary De Trin 5.20f

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38. Hilary De Trin 4.14;  5.4, 7;  8:52

39. Hilary De Trin 1.6,  16   2.2ff12,  24ff,  8.52ff

40. Clement Alex. 7.16  ‘Knowledge of truth found among us Christian supplies, from what we already believe, faith for what has not yet been believed, faith which is, as it were, the substance of proof.’

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