Epiphanius Ancoratus Chapter 67

(1) If Christ is believed [to be] from the Father, as God from God, and the Spirit [is] from Christ or from both (as Christ says, “who proceeds from the Father,” and “this one will receive what is mine”; and Christ from the Holy Spirit, “for that which is in her, the voice of the angel says,” is from the Holy Spirit”), I should understand the mystery that delivers me by faith, by hearing alone, by love for the one who came to me.

(2) For God knows himself; Christ proclaims himself; the Holy Spirit manifests himself to the saints. In the Holy Scriptures the Trinity is proclaimed to us and is believed simply, without strife <from> a hearing of that which has been agreed.

(3) From this faith is the salvation of grace, “righteousness from faith apart from works of the law”: <for> it has been written that from the “hearing of faith,” the “Spirit of Christ” is given to those who are saved.

(4) This very faith is indicated in general by the expressions of the heralds, as I myself believe, being instructed from the Scriptures: thrice holy, thrice equally holy, thrice existent, thrice coexistent, thrice endowed with form, thrice with equal form, thrice active, thrice co-active, thrice enhypostatic, thrice with hypostasis joined with one another. The Trinity is called holy, being three, one concord, one divinity of the same ousia, of the same divinity, of the same hypostasis, like from like, working an equality of grace of Father and of Son and of Holy Spirit.

(5) And how to teach to others is left open [to God]. “For no one knows the Father except the Son, nor the Son except the Father and to whom the Son might reveal.” And he reveals through the Holy Spirit.

(6) Accordingly, these being three, whether of him or from him or with him, for each, are they being thought about worthily, even as he reveals them as light, fire, wind, and I believe with other likenesses of visions, as the man being supplied is worthy.

(7) Therefore, God Himself, the one who said in the beginning, “Let there be light, and light came to be,” which was visible, is the same as the one who illuminated us to see “the light,” “the true one, who comes into the world, illuminating all men.” (“Send your light and your truth,” says David.) He is the same Lord who said, “In the final days I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, and their sons and daughters will prophesy, and their youths will see visions,” showing us three Persons of holy worship, for a hypostasis which is threefold.


Chapter 69

(1) Both he [Paul] also says that justification and grace are from both: “justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God,” is similar to saying, “Justified from faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.”

(2) “No one is able to say that Jesus is Lord, except in the Holy Spirit,” and no one is able to receive the Holy Spirit except from the Lord; “There are differences of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are differences of services, but the same Lord; accomplishing all things in all,” and “from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, Spirit.”

(3) And “Do not grieve the Holy Spirit, in whom you were sealed for the day of redemption,” is similar to saying, “Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy” Are we stronger than he?

(4) “The Spirit says expressly, is similar to the saying, “The Lord Almighty says such things.

(5) And “My Spirit has stood in your midst,” <is similar to the saying>, if someone opens the door for me, I and the Father will enter, and we will make our dwelling with him.”

(6) Isaiah [said], a'”The Spirit of the Lord is upon Him,” and Christ [said], “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, on account of which he anointed me;” and “God anointed Jesus, the one from Nazareth, with the Holy Spirit,” or “The Lord has sent me and his Spirit.”

(7) And the manifest voice of the Seraphim, crying, “Holy, holy, holy, Lord Saboath,”

(8) If you hear, “lifted up to the right hand of God, receiving the promise of the Spirit from the Father,” or “to wait for the promise of the Father, which you heard;” or that “the Spirit casts him out into the desert,” or that he says, “Do not worry about what yo might say, because the Spirit of my Father is the one speaking in you;” or “if in the Spirit I cast out demons,” or “The blaspheming against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven by him,”and what follows; or “Father, into your hands I will commit my Spirit,” or “Jesus returned with the power of the Spirit;” or “that which has been form from the Spirit is spirit,” (is similar to the saying, “what has come to be in Him was life”), or “and I will entreat the Father, and he will send another advocate to you, the Spirit of truth;” or “Because of what did Satan fill your heart (Peter [said] to Ananias), that you cheat the Holy Spirit?” and after these things, “you did not cheat men, but God.” Then God is from God, and God is the Holy Spirit, whom those who set aside the cost of the land for themselves cheated, or, “whom was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit” – I do not have more to say on this.

(9) The Son is God: “from whom,” it says, “Christ according to the flesh, the one who is God over all things;” “Believe,” it says,”in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved,” and, “He spoke,” it says, “to them the word of the Lord;” and when he led them into the home, he set before them a table and rejoiced, having believed in God with the entire household,” or that “In the beginning was the Logos, and the Logos was with God, and the Logos was God;” or “in order that they might adorn the teaching of our Saviour God,” or “for the grace of God and Saviour appeared to all men, teaching us;” or “awaiting the blessed hope and appearance of the glory of our great God and Saviour, Jesus Christ.”

(10) The service of the Spirit and of the Logos is the same. “Give heed it says, “to yourselves and to the entire flock, in which the Holy Spirit set you as overseers to shepherd the church of God,”is similar to the saying,”I am grateful to the one strengthening me, to Jesus Christ our Lord, because he deemed me faithful, appointing me to service.”


Chapter 70

(1) Therefore, the Son and the Holy Spirit, as has been demonstrated, work together with the Father: “for by the word of the Lord the heavens were established and by the breath of his mouth, all their power.” The Holy Spirit is to be worshipped: “for it is necessary for those who worship God, to worship in spirit and in truth.”

(2) And if he works together these things, a creation doesn’t not make a creation, nor does the divinity become created, nor is God known in a limit or circumscription. For he is unlimited, uncontainable, inconceivable, surpassing all things made of God.

(3) Nor is a creation to be worshipped: “for they worshipped the creation in place of the one who created, and they became foolish.” For how is it not foolish to speak of God as a creation and to disregard the first commandment which says, ” Hear, Israel, the Lord your God, the Lord is one;” “There shall not be a new god among you.”

(4) In the holy Scriptures different names are called of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit. Of the Father Almighty, Father of all, Father of Christ; and the Son: Logos, Christ, “true light”; and of the Holy Spirit: “Paraclete,” “Spirit of Truth,” “Spirit of God,” “Spirit of Christ.”

(5) Therefore, [our] God and Father further is through as “Light,” and because of this, “dwelling in unapproachable light.”

(6) [Our} entire God is “Power,” and because of this <the Son> is “Lord of powers;” [our] entire God is “Wisdom,” therefore the Son is “Wisdom from Wisdom,” “in whom all treasures of wisdom are hidden;” [our] entire God is “Life” therefore the Son is “Life from Life,” “for I am truth and the life.”

(7) The Holy Spirit is from both, the Spirit from Spirit. “For God is spirit;” divinity, he is the giver of gifts, most true, most brilliant, “Paraclete,” premonitory of purposes of the Father.

(8) For as the Son is “angel of great counsel,” thus also is the Holy Spirit. “But we received,” it says, “the Spirit of God, in order that we might know that which was given to us by God, which we also speak about, not in persuasive words of [human] wisdom, but in the demonstration of the Spirit of God, comparing spiritual things to spiritual people.”