Epiphanius Ancoratus 7f & 65ff

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Chapter 7.

Indeed, the Spirit is the Holy Spirit, and the Son is the Son. But the Spirit comes forth from the Father and He takes from the Son, seeks out the depths of God and to declare to us the Word of the Son. The Spirit is in the world as the Sanctifier of the saints by means of the Trinity, the third in name, ie Father, Son and Holy Spirit, for it says, Go forth and baptise in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit (Matt. 28.19). It is the mark of grace, it is the Triune bond of union, not foreign in number, not separate from the name, not foreign to the gift, but one God, one faith, one Lord, one grace, one church, one baptism. For the Trinity is always the Trinity. It never receives any addition but is counted in this way: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.  The Trinity is not a confusion or merging of identities, nor is it divided or different in itself from its own unity but is in real perfect existence, the Father is perfect, the Son is perfect and the Holy Spirit is perfect: Father and Son and Holy Spirit. Now back again to the Spirit who has arranged the gifts in this way: Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit. And there are varieties of ministries, and the same Lord. There are varieties of effects, but the same God who works all things in all persons (1Cor 12.4-6). Now there is no backing away from what is set before us. Do not desert the truth. We do not advocate for the sake of God but we think in a Godly way in order that we are not lost. We speak loudly and clearly what we have laid hold of and, as men, we speak loudly and clearly what we are able to grasp. The honour in God is boundless and without limit and is ten thousand times more than what we can comprehend or imagine and nothing can take away His glory and uniqueness. For there is nothing in the Trinity that has been created or added onto. But the Father begets the Son and there never was a time when the Son did not exist. There was never a time when the Father was not called the Father but was always the Father, and the Son was always the Son, not a brother. The Son is begotten inexplicably and being named incomprehensibly. He is always together with the Father and at no point in time did He cease to exist. The Father is unbegotten, uncreated and beyond comprehension. The Son is Begotten but both uncreated and beyond comprehension.  The Holy Spirit is always, not begotten, not created, not a brother, not an uncle nor an ancestor, not a descendant. The Holy Spirit is from out of the very Being of the Father and the Son. God is Spirit.

Chapter 8

Each of the titles are singularly unique and cannot be duplicated. The Father is the Father and cannot be compared with any other. Nor is He paired together with another father so we end up with two gods. The Only-Begotten Son is True God from True God, not having the Father’s name nor is He foreign to the Father. The existence of the Only-Begotten is united to the Father’s existence so that the name of the Son is also singularly unique. He is God from God so that the Father and the Son may be called one God. The Holy Spirit is unique who does not have the name, “Son,” and does not have the name “Father,” and is called “Holy Spirit,” and is not foreign to the Father. For the Only-Begotten Himself says: The Spirit of the Father, as well as, who proceed forth from the Father and will take from what is mine (Jn. 16.14, 15) so it cannot be assumed the Spirit is foreign to the Father and the Son but sharing the same Being, sharing the same Godhead, the same divine Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, the Spirit of God, the Spirit, the Advocate, called “singularly unique,” where there is no way He can be compared with or matched to any other spirit. He is not called by the name of the Son and He is not named by the name of the Father in order that from the very beginning the names are singularly unique and not the same as any other, with the exception of God: That is, God in the Father, God in the Son, and God in the Holy Spirit, who is of (and with) God and God. For the Spirit of God, including the Spirit of the Father and the Spirit of the Son, not according to some separate parts fused together just as the body and soul are in us, but He is in the midst of the Father and the Son, from the Father and the Son and is third in naming. For it says, “Go forth and baptise in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.” If the Father baptises in His own name, in the name of God, and the perfect seal in God’s own name has been sealed in us, and Christ baptises in His own name, in the name of God, and the perfect seal in God’s own name has been sealed in us, who would be so reckless to wage war against their own soul by saying the Spirit is foreign to the Godhead? For if in the name of God the Father and in the name of God the Son and in the name of God the Holy Spirit, then there is one seal of the Trinity and there is one power of the Godhead in the Trinity. If God is One and what is created is not God by what reason are the two connected to the one in the perfect seal? At least then, the Father has the authority of a King and we are sealed with a seal in His name, the rest do not have the authority of a king! We are then the ones at this time who serve the elements of created things. This is according to the thinking of those who blaspheme where they say the name of the Father alone was not able to save. The One who created added two others to Himself so they take His divinity giving them power so that they might be able to save the one sealed by Him. Thus He might be able to take hold and redeem the person He created from their sin.

Chapter 65 (Same as Panarion 74.2)

For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus, who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds (Tit. 2.11-14).  . . having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us, which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross. When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him (Col. 2.14-15). I will break to pieces brazen doors, and burst iron bars (Is. 45.2). He indicated the Light of Life, stretches out His hand, put underneath a way fit for use, showing us the will of the heavens, think it fitting to make our home in paradise once again. He therefore also caused “the righteousness of the Law” “to dwell in us,”and has given us the Spirit, so that we may know him and the truth about him. That is, he has become the beginning and end of our life, our “law of righteousness,” “law of faith,” and “law of the Spirit,” free from the “law of the flesh of sin.” Therefore “I delight in the law of God after the inward man.” But our inward man is Christ, indeed that he dwells in us. For it is he who, by dying became our way to life “that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto” the Cause of life, “who died for them, and rose again.” “Mindful of the oath which,” as David said, “he swore many generations before” “God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their transgressions unto them.” “For it pleased the Father than in him should all fullness dwell, and by him to reconcile all things unto himself, having made peace through the blood of the cross.” He came, then, “for the dispensation of the fullness of the times,” as he promised to Abraham and the other saints, “to gather in one all things in him, things which are in heaven and things which are on earth.” There was estrangement and enmity “during the [time of the] forbearance of God,” but he “reconciled them in the body of his flesh, making both one through him. For he came to be our peace” and “as he who broke down the middle wall of partition, who abolished enmity in his flesh, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, for to make the twain one new man in himself.” And he commanded that the gentiles be “of the same body, and fellow partakers and fellow heirs of the promise” by saying, “Come unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” And so “while I was weak, through the flesh,” a Saviour was sent to me “in the likeness of sinful flesh,” and performed this gracious work, to redeem” me from slavery, from corruption, from death. And he became my “righteousness, sanctification and redemption.” Righteousness, by destroying sin through faith in him; sanctification, by setting us free through water and Spirit, and by his word; redemption, by giving his blood, giving himself for me as the atonement of a true lamb, an expiation for the world’s cleansing, for the reconciliation of all in heaven and on earth, and so fulfilling, at the appointed time, the “mystery hidden before the ages and generations.” And he “shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself,” for “In him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.”

Chapter 66

For this reason, the One who contains the Godhead and wisdom, the Christ, the Mediator, who transforms all things to God in Himself, not recording our sins, the secret mysteries, once so hard to understand are now seen, by trusting His covenant, declared in advance in the Law and the Prophets, His personal promise of declaring the Son of God, called the Son of David, both God and Man, Mediator of God and of Humanity, the True House of God, the Holy Priesthood, the Holy Spirit the Giver of our new birth and renewer of all things to God. Because the Word became flesh and dwelt in us and we saw his glory, the glory as of the Only-Begotten from the Father (Jn. 1.14). The rain is utilised by trees and plants to produce perfect living bodies and each of them bearing fruit after their kind. In the olive fruit, the olive oil is made rich, taking its essence from it, and in the grape-vine there is sweet wine, earthy in colour, and in the fig tree, the fig sweetens, and in each the seed ripens according to its form. Therefore, this is what I think, The Word of God in Mary was made flesh, in the seed of Abraham the man was found according to His Personal promise, We have found the Messiah, the One Moses wrote about (Jn. 1.45), and Moses saying, Let my teaching come down as rain (Deut. 32.2), and let the drops fall upon the earth, says David, He shall come down as rain upon a fleece (Ps. 71.6 sept.). Therefore, the wool receives the dew helping the fleece to grow, the earth receives the rain, helps the fruit to grow in accordance with the Master, gives to it growth and receiving more from Him. It is in this way with the Virgin Mary also, when she says, How will I know this will be for me? she asks. The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you and for that reason the holy Child shall be called the Son of God (Lk. 1.35). Christ speaks by means of an angel, and the Master reforms Himself anew and moulding Himself to take on the form of a slave (Phil. 2.7). And Mary drew up the Word into conception, just like the earth does the rain, the Word of God showing He Himself is the holy fruit taking on the nature that is liable to death. It is the same kind of drawing up we find as the earth and the fleece, the fruit of true hope, a holy expectation, just as Elizabeth says, Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! (Lk. 1.42), which the impassible Word took hold of from the suffering of humanity.  It is this one who is the bread of life, who came down from out of heaven who gave life, He is the fruit of the True Olive Tree, the olive oil of the anointing of the combination (of God and man), which Moses indicated previously. This is the True Vine which the Father alone works at it cultivating bunches of grapes of joy for us. This One is Living Water, the man who thirst for it and receives it, will not thirst for it again, but from deep within his belly will rise up into eternal life. The new farmers take this and share it with the world while the old farmers ruin their crop through their own lack of trust. By His very own blood, He purifies the nations and by His very own Spirit He leads those He calls out up into heaven. As many are led by the Spirit are the ones who live in God, just as many people who are not, are considered in death and called soulish and fleshly. Therefore there is nothing in the works of the flesh it being the stronghold of sin so we receive the Holy Spirit, whom we did not have, and put these limbs of sin to death by means of His grace, the One who makes me alive is the One who died long ago. If we did not receive it we would have been dead because everything apart from the Spirit is dead. In my opinion, both of the two, that is Christ and the Spirit, dwell in the just person.

Chapter 67

If it can be taken as granted that Jesus is from out of the Father, that is, God from out of God and the Spirit is from out of Christ or is from beside both of them, just as Christ says: who was sent from beside the Father, and, will take from what is mine, and Christ, the angel declares for that which was joined to her is from the Holy Spirit, I at least should understand this mystery revealed, which delivers me purely on trust, on hearing alone the affectionate love for the One who intimately came to be with me. For God has precise knowledge of Himself, Christ proclaim Himself; the Holy Spirit makes Himself visible in the minds of the saints. In the Holy Scriptures the Trinity is declared to us and we place our trust in them with simplicity, not wanting to cause any conflict, hearing what is already agreed to. It is from out of this faith is a salvation of kindness gracious loving goodwill, it is “righteousness that comes out of this faith that is apart from works of the law. It has been written that from hearing of faith the Spirit of Christ is provided for those who are saved. So then, on the whole, this faith spoken by the heralds signals to us, in my opinion, instructs us from the Scriptures, Three Holy, Three together Holy, Three ways of existence, Three ways of existence together, Three who are active, Three who are active together, Three actual existences who co-inhere in one another together, Three Beings mutually together. The Trinity in itself is called Holy, Three Beings, one united voice, one nature and Being that is divine, the same Godhead, likeness from likeness, equality of grace of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. How others are to be taught is left open. For no one know the Father except the Son, nor the Son except the Father and to whom the Son might reveal (Matt. 11.27).  He reveals this through the Holy Spirit. Therefore, these three Beings, whether from Him, alongside Him, or to Him, each are to be thought in a worthy manner, even as He unveils each as earth, fire and wind and in my opinion  with other visions resembling these given to the worthy man who ministers this. There in the Origin and the Source, God Himself said, Let there be Light and Light came to be, is the very same One who illuminated us to see the Light, The One who is True, who comes into the world, to bring Him to light to all men Send forth thy light and thy truth, says David (Ps. 42.3 Sept). This is the same Lord who says And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. And on my servants and on [my] handmaids in those days will I pour out of my Spirit (Jl. 3.1-2), bringing to service three Person of holy service, the I AM in threefold actual existences.

Chapter 74

In regard to the Trinity, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit share the same Being.  In our weakness and poor skill, not willing to use complicated means of debate, opposing the magic tricks of the pagans, we summon the testimony of Scripture for those who wish to profit from the faithful and to part their ways from the unbelievers and untrustworthy people. In fact, great is the power of faith in the Holy Spirit with all its references and the manner in which it is referred to in the Sacred Scriptures.  Because of the Incarnation of our Lord, we are certain of the salvation of all. This manner of confession is the confirmation of the hope that is laid before us, which is the resurrection from the dead and the promise of our new birth. As we work towards undertaking this task, we refer to the Sacred Scriptures, we proceed with our argument while adding our own take on it. Since we have already taught this before, in the Gospels the Lord Himself charged His disciples  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I commanded you (Matt. 28.19-20). He is the Holy Word of God, the very same Being with and originating from out of the Father, the One who caused the seasons and the times to come into being. So the Son existed even before all the seasons and the times making Him greater than it. I would like to point out something we all agree upon: All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being (Jn. 1.3). The fact of the matter is, whatever is created, is created through Him and He is the uncreated and the eternal and the fact is both the Father and the Holy Spirit are also eternal. Now the question might be that if the times and the seasons were before the Son, what were the times and the seasons before the Son? This will only highlight the greatly increased stupidity of the absurd minds of vain men. It is this kind of reasoning that is contrary to tradition and has led to adulterous thoughts. For this reason there was never any time the Son did not exist because it was not through time He came to be. It was through the Son that the times and the angels came into being. There was never a time the Son did not exist and there was never a time when the Holy Spirit did not exist.