Chapter 3 The Almighty Creator Footnotes 77-101

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The Trinitarian Faith

“With the realisation that in the incarnation the Creator had himself become the creature and that in the coming of the Holy Spirit God was personally and creatively present throughout his creation, upholding its being and order and exercising immediate providential care over all events within it, Christian theologians were convinced that the whole universe of space and time had been set upon a new basis. They felt bound to regard the created order, renewed and sanctified in Christ in this way, as intended by God to be a creaturely correlate of the fellowship, communion and faithfulness which are manifested in God himself, for it is grounded in God’s own steadfastness and depends for its continued existence on the constant presence of the Spirit. The whole raison d’être of the universe lies in the fact that God will not be alone, that he will not be without us, but has freely and purposely created the universe and bound it to himself as the sphere where he may ungrudgingly pour out his love, where we may enjoy communion with him.”

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77. Gregory Thaum., In Origenem, 8

78. Irenaeus, Ad haer., 2.2.3f, vol. pp. 255f (2.2.4); 2.37.1f, pp. 342f (2.25.1); 2.43.2f, pp. 356f (probably typo); 2.47.2 pp. 367f (2.30.8); 3.11.2ff, vol. 2 pp.35ff (3.10.3); 3.12.14f, pp.66ff (3.12.11); 4.6, p. 152 (4.4.2); 4.18-19, p. 168-172 (4.9.1 – 4.9.3); 4.27.3, pp. 189-200 (4.16.3 – 4.18.1); 4.34.1ff, pp. 212ff (4.20.1); 5.18.1f, pp. 372f (5.18.1). This idea is not to be confused with a Gnostic myth of divine archetypes, Ad Haer., 2.7.1ff pp. 270ff etc. (2.8.1).

79. Athanasius Con. gent., 34ff. Cf Con Ar., 2.20: ‘The whole earth hymns the Creator.’

80. Irenaeus Adv, haer., 3.11.2, vol. 2, p.35 (3.10.3).

81. See also Athenagoras, Leg., 4.2; 6.2; 10.2-5; 12.3; 18.2; and Theophilus Ad Aut., 1.4, 7; 2.13

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82. Exod. 20:11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. cf. Gen 1:1  In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.

Ps. 146.6 Who made heaven and earth, The sea and all that is in them; Who keeps faith forever;

Ps. 148.4-6 Praise Him, highest heavens, And the waters that are above the heavens!  Let them praise the name of the LordFor He commanded and they were created.  He has also established them forever and ever; He has made a decree which will not pass away.

Is. 45.7 The One forming light and creating darkness, Causing well-being and creating calamity; I am the Lord who does all these.

Amos 4.13; For behold, He who forms mountains and creates the wind And declares to man what are His thoughts, He who makes dawn into darkness And treads on the high places of the earth, The Lord God of hosts is His name.

Prov. 8.24 “When there were no depths I was brought forth, When there were no springs abounding with water.

Neh. 9.6 You alone are the LordYou have made the heavens, The heaven of heavens with all their host, The earth and all that is on it,
The seas and all that is in them. You give life to all of them And the heavenly host bows down before You.

Jonah 1.9  He said to them, “I am a Hebrew, and I fear the Lord God of heaven who made the sea and the dry land.”

83. Acts 4.24 And when they heard this, they lifted their voices to God with one accord and said, “O Lord, it is You who made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all that is in them,

Acts 14.15 and saying, “Men, why are you doing these things? We are also men of the same nature as you, and preach the gospel to you that you should turn from these [l]vain things to a living God, who made the heaven and the earth and the sea and all that is in them.

Romans 4.17 (as it is written, “A father of many nations have I made you”) in the presence of Him whom he believed, even God, who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist.

Rev. 10.6  and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it, that there will be delay no longer,

Rev. 14.7 and he said with a loud voice, “Fear God, and give Him glory, because the hour of His judgment has come; worship Him who made the heaven and the earth and sea and springs of waters.”

John 1.1f In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

Col. 1.1f Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ who are at Colossae: Grace to you and peace from God our Father.

Hebrew 1.1f God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high

Cf. also Acts 17.28  for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, ‘For we also are His children.’

Romans 11.36 For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.

2Cor8.6 So we urged Titus that as he had previously made a beginning, so he would also complete in you this gracious work as well.

Eph. 4.5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism,

Heb. 2.10  For it was fitting for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect the author of their salvation through sufferings.

84. E.g., Philo De Spec leg., 4.187; De op mundi 26, 28 & 31; Justin Matyr, Dial., 5

85. Cf Exod. 34.10  Then God said, “Behold, I am going to make a covenant. Before all your people I will perform miracles which have not been [i]produced in all the earth nor among any of the nations; and all the people among whom you live will see the working of the Lord, for it is a fearful thing that I am going to perform with you.

Num. 16.30 But if the Lord brings about an entirely new thing and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them up with all that is theirs, and they descend alive into Sheol, then you will understand that these men have spurned the Lord.”

86. See Basil Hex., 1.7, where the distinction between God’s ‘creation’ and his ‘making’ was clearly drawn. Cf. Athanasius Con Ar., 2.21f27, 31, 57ff.

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87. Ps. 33.9 For He spoke, and it was done; He commanded, and it stood fast.

cf. 119.91f They stand this day according to Your ordinances, For all things are Your servants. 

also Ecclus. 43.36 There are many things hidden from us that are greater than these: for we have seen but a few of his works.

Wisd. 16.24ff For the creature that serveth thee, who art the Maker increaseth his strength against the unrighteous for their punishment, and abateth his strength for the benefit of such as put their trust in thee. 25. Therefore even then was it altered into all fashions, and was obedient to thy grace, that nourisheth all things, according to the desire of them that had need: 26. That thy children, O Lord, whom thou lovest, might know, that it is not the growing of fruits that nourisheth man: but that it is thy word, which preserveth them that put their trust in thee.

88. 2 Macc., 7.28 and now, my son, this boon grant me. Look round at heaven and earth and all they contain; bethink thee that of all this, and mankind too, God made out of nothing. Cited by Origen De princ., 2.1.5; In Jn., 1.18; Hilary De Trin., 4.16; cf Basil ep., 6.2.

And see also Jubilees 12.4 Worship them not: Worship YAHWEH the Sovereign Ruler of heaven, Who causes the rain and the dew to descend on the earth And does everything upon the earth, And has created everything by His word, And all life is from before His face

89. Hermas Mand 1.1 (linked by Origen with 2 Macc. 7.28, De princ., 2.1.5First of all, believe that there is one God who created and finished all things, and made all things out of nothing. He alone is able to contain the whole, but Himself cannot be contained. Have faith therefore in Him, and fear Him; and fearing Him, exercise self-control. Keep these commands, and you will cast away from you all wickedness, and put on the strength of righteousness, and live to God, if you keep this commandment.

See also vis., 1.1.6 Lady, I said, will you accuse me? No, she said, but hear the words I am about to speak to you. God who dwells in heaven, and has made all things out of nothing, and has multiplied them for his Holy Church’s sake, is angry with you because you have sinned against me.

2 Clement 1.18 For He called us when we were not, and willed that out of nothing we should attain a real existence.

90. Compare Mand 1.1 with Irenaeus Adv, haer., 1.15.1 vol. 1, p. 188f (1.22.1-2); 4.34.2, vol. 2, p. 213f (4.20.2); Dem. 4-6; Origen De princ., praef., 3f; 3.3 and Tertullian De praescr. haer., 13.

91. Aristotle, De Ceolo, 1.10, 279f; 3.1, 298; cf., Met., 12.1075b; also Pseudo-Aristotle, cited by A Ehrhardt, in Creation ex nihilo,’, Studia Theologica, IV, 1950, p. 24.

92. Plutarch, De An procr., 5

93. Diogenes Laertius Vitae, 9.4

94. Sextus Empiricus, Adv. Math., 1.53 and 60; cf., 7.66f (N/A)

95. Cf., the Epistle of Epicurus cited by Diog. laert., 10.38 On a notion of absolute beginning in Greek thought see A Ehrhardt, The Beginning. A Study in Greek Philosophical Concept of Creation from Anaximander to St John, 1969.

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96. Theophilus, Ad Aut., 1.4; 1.8;; II.4; II.10; II.13.

97. Athenagoras, Leg., 4.1f, 7-8

98. Aristides, Apol., 1.4f, 13

99. Tatian, Or., 4f, 7

100. Athenagoras, De Res 3-5

101. Thus for example, Origen, De princ., praef., 4; Irenaeus 3.4.1, vol. 2 p. 15f; cf. 3.17.6 (3.16.6), p. 87; Apost. Const., 5.7; 7.33; 8.12

Chapter 3 The Almighty Creator Footnotes 102-137