Basil: Contra Eunomius 2.33

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Look how much he adds to the blasphemy! After disdaining the warning which the Lord extends in the gospels to those who blaspheme against the Holy Spirit, which is as fearful as could be, Eunomius says that the Spirit is a created work. He barely concedes that he is alive, since this designation for the most part applies to lifeless things. Surely, his inclusion of the Lord in this blasphemy does not justify slackening our irritation one bit. For this does not nullify his impiety but adds to his condemnation. The Lord allowed the blasphemy against himself on account of his goodness, whereas he declared that the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is unforgivable for those who dare do it. So, of all those who attacked the truth from the time when the proclamation of piety was announced, Eunomius is the first to dare utter this term about the Spirit. We have certainly never heard anyone, even unto today, calling the Holy Spirit a created work, nor have we found this designation in the treatises that have bequeathed to us.

The he says: “If someone should base his investigation on the created works in order to comprehend the substances, he would discover that the Son is something made by the Unbegotten, while the Paraclete is something made by the Only-Begotten.” Here is a different kind of impiety, uttering two blasphemies with a single statement! And taking his contempt of the Holy Spirit as granted, he proceeds from this to the demonstration of the inferiority of the Only-Begotten. While the heavens proclaim the glory of God (Ps. 18.2), it appears that the Holy Spirit announces the inferiority of the glory of the Only-Begotten. When the Lord was speaking about the Paraclete, he said: He will glorify me (John 16.14), whereas that evil speaking tongue declares that he prevents the Son from being compared with the Father. For Eunomius says that the Son is the maker of the Spirit—have mercy on us, O Lord, for saying these things! But this adds no nobility to the one who has created him. Therefore, he is not even worthy of being compared with the Father, since the worthlessness of what he has made has deprived him of that dignity of his which is equal to the Father’s honour.