Markus Barth

MB

Adoption 

“‘BEFORE HIM’ [in Eph. 1:4] denotes the immediate presence of God to man and the closest proximity of man to God. The image suggests the position and relationship enjoyed by the cream of society at a royal court, by children to their father, by a bride to a bridegroom…”

(Markus Barth, Ephesians, [The Anchor Bible], p. 80).